Hungiyar H'MONG ta ƙungiyoyin kabilu 54 a Vietnam

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    Tshi H'MONG yana da yawan jama'a fiye da 896,239 mazauna a cikin manyan yankuna na lardunan Ha Giang1, Tuyen Quang2, Lao Cai3, Yen Bai4, Lai Chau5, Dien Bien6, Son La7, Cao Bang8, Thanh Hoa9 da kuma Nghe An10. Kwanan nan, sun yi ƙaura zuwa Tsakiyar Tsakiya da kuma gabashin yankin na Kudancin Vietnam. Suna da ƙananan rukuni na gida: H'mong Trang (Farin H'mong), H'mong Hoa (Fure H'mong), H'mong Do (Ja H'mong), H'mong Den (Black H'mong), H'mong Xanh (Shuɗi H'mong). Sauran sunayen su ma Meo da kuma Mieu. Harshen H'MONG nasa ne na H'mong-Dao11 group.

    Fko dai, H'MONG ya rayu galibi akan nomar-da-bum. Suna noman shinkafa da com. A wasu wurare, suna share filayen da ba su da ƙasa. Manyan kayan abinci sune com, shinkafa da hatsin rai. Suna shuka shuke-shuke na lilin don samar da zare don saƙar saƙa da tsire-tsire masu magani. The H'MONG rea shanu, karnuka, norses da kaji. A baya H'MONG ya yi tunanin cewa mata ne ke gudanar da kiwon dabbobi kuma farauta a cikin dazuzzuka na cajin maza. A halin yanzu a karkashin Taimakon jihar, H'MONG sun sami nasarar bunkasa noman-shinkafa noman, dasa shukokin masana'antu, da kuma kiwo don siyarwa. An inganta rayuwarsu sosai. Sakar ɗinsu da saka ƙyalli sanannu ne sosai.

   Tshi H'MONG yana sanya tufafinsu na gargajiya ne daga yadin kansu na lilin. Tufafin gargajiyar mata sun haɗa da siket, rigar buɗewa a gaban gaba da atamfa na gaba da leda. Kwalliyar da aka zana mai launuka mai launin zane ne wanda yake fadowa a kafaɗun. Mayafinsu mai fadi-fadi yana ɗinki da ado sosai. A halin yanzu, mutane da yawa suna sayen tufafi na shirye-shirye. Babban imani ne tsakanin 'YAN SHI'A cewa mutane daga jinsi ɗaya na iya haihuwa da mutuwa a gidan juna, kuma dole ne su taimaka da tallafawa juna. Kowane jinsi yana haɗuwa a cikin rukunin mazaunin, kansa yana ɗaukar al'amuran yau da kullun.

   Young H'MONG maza da mata suna da 'yancin zaɓar abokan aikinsu. Aure kwata-kwata an hana shi tsakanin maza da mata masu jinsi ɗaya. Dangane da aikin da ake kira “Haypu”, yaro da yarinya wadanda ba za su iya biyan kudin auren ba, suna iya, a karkashin yarjejeniyar iyayensu, su shirya haduwa da juna a wani wuri da namiji zai kai matar zuwa gidansa ya zama matarsa. Rayuwar aure na H'MONG tana cikin jituwa. Saki yana da yawa.

   Traditional kwana uku Sabuwar Shekara Festival na H'MONG an shirya shi a kowane Disamba. Sun guji cin kayan lambu yayin bikin. Kayan kiɗa sun ƙunshi nau'ikan bututu da lebe-zither. Don jin daɗin bazara da kuma bayan ranar aiki. matasa maza da mata galibi suna yin bututu-busa da lebe don nuna yadda suke ji da kira ga abokan zama.

HMong's ƙauyen - Holylandvietnamstudies.com
Garin H'MONG a lardin Thanh Hoa (Source: Mawallafa VNA)

Bincika Ƙari:
AL'UMMA na KUNGIYOYIN Kabila 54 a Vietnam - Sashe na 1.
BA BA Community na ƙungiyoyi 54 na Vietnam.
Bungiyar BO Y ta ƙungiyoyi 54 na Vietnam.
Bungiyar BRAU ta ƙungiyoyi 54 na Vietnam.
BRungiyar BRU-VAN KIEU ta ƙungiyoyi 54 na Vietnam.
Community na CHO RO na kabilu 54 na Vietnam.
COungiyar CO HO ta ƙungiyoyi 54 na Vietnam.
Al'umar CONG na kabilu 54 na Vietnam.
Kungiyar ta CHUT ta ƙungiyoyi 54 na Vietnam.
CHungiyar CHU RU ta ƙungiyoyi 54 na Vietnam.
CHungiyar ta CHAM ta ƙungiyoyi 54 na Vietnam.
DAungiyar DAO ta ƙungiyoyi 54 na Vietnam.
GIAY Community na ƙungiyoyi 54 na Vietnam.
Harshen Vietnamese (vi-VersiGoo): CONG DONG 54 Dan toc Vietnam Nam - Phan 1.
Harshen Vietnamese (vi-VersiGoo) tare da Muryar Yanar gizo (Yanar gizo-Audio):  Nguoi BA NA trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Vietnam Nam.
Harshen Vietnamese (vi-VersiGoo) tare da Muryar Yanar gizo (Yanar gizo-Audio):  Nguoi BO Y trong Cong dong 54 Dan toh anh em o Vietnam Nam.
Harshen Vietnamese (vi-VersiGoo) tare da Muryar Yanar gizo (Yanar gizo-Audio):  Nguoi BRAU trong Cong dong 54 Dan toh anh em o Vietnam Nam.
Harshen Vietnamese (vi-VersiGoo) tare da Muryar Yanar gizo (Yanar gizo-Audio):  Nguoi BRU-VAN KIEU trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Vietnam Nam.
Harshen Vietnamese (vi-VersiGoo) tare da Muryar Yanar gizo (Yanar gizo-Audio):  Nguoi CHO RO trong Cong dong 54 Dan wa an kawanni o o Nam Nam.
Harshen Vietnamese (vi-VersiGoo) tare da Muryar Yanar gizo (Yanar gizo-Audio):  Nguoi CHAM trong Cong dong 54 Dan toh anh em o Vietnam Nam.
Harshen Vietnamese (vi-VersiGoo) tare da Muryar Yanar gizo (Yanar gizo-Audio):  Nguoi CHU RU trong Cong dong 54 Dan wa an kawanni o o Nam Nam.
Harshen Vietnamese (vi-VersiGoo) tare da Muryar Yanar gizo (Yanar gizo-Audio):  Nguoi CHUT trong Cong dong 54 Dan wa an kawanta o Nam Nam.
Harshen Vietnamese (vi-VersiGoo) tare da Muryar Yanar gizo (Yanar gizo-Audio):  Nguoi CONG trong Cong dong 54 Dan wa an kawanni o o Nam Nam.
Harshen Vietnamese (vi-VersiGoo) tare da Muryar Yanar gizo (Yanar gizo-Audio):  Nguoi DAO trong Cong dong 54 Dan toh anh em o Vietnam Nam.
Harshen Vietnamese (vi-VersiGoo) tare da Muryar Yanar gizo (Yanar gizo-Audio):  Nguoi GIAY trong Cong dong 54 Dan sa kai an o Nam Nam.
Harshen Vietnamese (vi-VersiGoo) tare da Muryar Yanar gizo (Yanar gizo-Audio):  Nguoi GIA RAI trong Cong dong 54 Dan toh anh em o Vietnam Nam.
Harshen Vietnamese (vi-VersiGoo) tare da Muryar Yanar gizo (Yanar gizo-Audio):  Nguoi HOA trong Cong dong 54 Dan wa an kawanta o Nam Nam.
Harshen Vietnamese (vi-VersiGoo) tare da Muryar Yanar gizo (Yanar gizo-Audio):  Nguoi KHANG trong Cong dong 54 Dan toh anh em o Vietnam Nam.
Harshen Vietnamese (vi-VersiGoo) tare da Muryar Yanar gizo (Yanar gizo-Audio):  Nguoi KHMER trong Cong dong 54 Dan wa an kawanni o o Nam Nam.
◊ da dai sauransu

BAN TU THU
09 / 2020

NOTES:
1 :… Ana sabuntawa

NOTE:
◊ Source & Hotuna:  Kungiyoyi 54 na Vietnam, Thong Tan Mawallafa, 2008.
Tu Ban Tu Thu ya saita dukkan bayanan ambato da rubutu. samawariya.et

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