Henri MASPERO (1883-1945, shekara 62)

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       HENRI PAUL GASTON MASPERO (15/12/1883, Paris - 17/3/1945, Sansanin taro na Buchenwald, Nazi Jamus ) masanin ilmin kimiya ne na Faransa kuma farfesa wanda ya ba da gudummawa ga batutuwa daban-daban da suka shafi East Asia. MASPERO sananne ne ga karatun sa na farko Daoism. An daure shi ta hanyar Nazis a lokacin World War II kuma ya mutu a cikin buchenwald sansanin taro.

Rayuwa da aiki

       HAn haifi ENRI MASPERO a ranar 15 ga Disamba 1883 a Paris, Faransa. Mahaifinsa, Gaston Maspero, ya shahara Faransawa masanin ilimin dabbobi wanda yake daga zuriyar Italiyanci. MASPERO shima Bayahude ne.1 Bayan karatun tarihi da adabi, a cikin 1905 ya shiga mahaifinsa Misira sannan daga baya suka buga binciken Les Finances de l'Egypte sous les Lagides. Bayan ya dawo Paris a 1907, ya yi nazarin Yaren Sinanci karkashin Douard Chavannes da kuma doka a Institut national des langues et wayewar kai. A 1908 ya tafi Hanoi, karatu a École française d'Extrême-Gabas.

      In 1918 ya yi nasara Douard Chavannes kamar yadda kujerar kasar Sin a Collège de Faransa. Ya wallafa tarihinsa La Chine Tsoho a cikin 1927. A cikin shekaru masu zuwa ya maye gurbin Marcel Granet domin kujerar wayewar kasar Sin a Sorbonne, ya jagoranci sashen addinin China a Cole pratique des hautes études. Cole pratique des hautes études (École pratique daga haruɗar études), kuma an zaɓi ya zama memba na Bayanan rubutu da bel-lettres.

       On 26 Yuli 1944, MASPERO da matarsa, waɗanda har yanzu suna zaune a ciki Paris ta mamaye Nazi, an kama su saboda sa hannun ɗansu tare da Resistance na Faransa.2 An aika MASPERO zuwa ga Sansanin taro na Buchenwald, inda ya jimre da mummunan yanayin har tsawon watanni shida kafin ya mutu a ranar 17 ga Maris 1945, yana ɗan shekara 61, makonni uku kawai kafin theancin sansanin da Armyungiyar ta Uku ta Amurka ta yi.

References

  1. Katz (2014), shafi na. xv.
  2. Abubuwa (1946), p. 95.

Sources

+ AUBOYER, JEANNINE (1947). "Henri Maspero (1883–1945) ”. Artibus Asiya (a Faransanci). 10 (1): 61-64. JSTOR 3248491.

+ DEMIÉVILLE, Paul (1947). "Henri Maspero et l'avenir des études chinoises"[Henri Maspero da Makomar Nazarin Sinanci]. T'oung Pao (a Faransanci). 38 (1): 16–42. Doi: 10.1163 / 156853297 × 00473. JSTOR 4527248.

+ ZUMA, DAVID B. (2001). Turare a bagaden: Masanan ilimin majagaba da ci gaban ilimin gargajiya na kasar Sin. Jerin Gabatarwar Amurkawa 86. New Haven, Connecticut: American Oriental Society. ISBN 0-940490-16-1.

+ KATZ, PAUL R. (2014). Addini a China da Kaddararsa ta Zamani. Waltham: Jami'ar Brandeis ta Latsa.

+ KARANTA, W. PERCEVAL (1946). "Sanarwa game da mutuwar - Henri Maspéro“. Jaridar Royal Asiatic Society ta Burtaniya da Ireland (1): 95. doi: 10.1017 / S0035869X00100097. JSTOR 25222077.

NOTES :
Urces Majiyoyi: wikipedia.com.
Ban Tu Th Tu ya saita taken taken, ambato, babban abu, babba, rubutun haruffa, hoton sepia mai dauke da hoto - samawariya.et

BAN TU THƯ
6 / 2021

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