Damuwar MUTANE MUTANE - Damuwan KASUWANCI - Sashe na 2

Hits: 409

HUNG NGUYEN MANH 1

Continued ci gaba don sashe na 1…

     Akwai kuma dukkan nau'ikan wake: waken soya-wake, jan wake, farin wake, koren wake dukkan hatsi ko wanda ba a buhu ba, wanda ya cika kwanduna da yawa manya da ƙanana. Hakanan hatsin ya hada da masara, gero na italiya, ridi, gyada… Alade musamman a ko'ina: nama mara nama, nama mai ƙiba, ƙoshin baya, ƙafar alade, kitsen gefen alade, kitse na alade, kowane abu, kowane yanki an yanka shi daban an nuna shi gadon katako tare da kan alade mai girgizawa.

     Kusa da alade sune tsuntsayen gida: hen, musk duck (Fig.4), Goose, tattabara. Dabba da ƙusa sune tsuntsayen da ke ba da nama da yawa kuma ana iya amfani dasu don maye gurbin ƙifar alade yayin da mutum yake son stew da tsiron bam ɗin. Waɗannan sune manyan jita-jita lokacin da dukkanin abubuwan ɓoye suka taru suna cika gidan. Chicken musamman nau'in kwano ne wanda ba za'a iya ƙona shi ba akan tire na hadaya.

Sayar da kaji
Hoto.4: Sayar da kaji

  Baya ga kaza, agwagwa da shinkafa - wani muhimmin abu shi ne tattabara, wani tsuntsu da ake yawan amfani da shi a matsayin kyauta don gabatar da dangin budurwar a kan shagalin biki, wanda za mu samu damar magance shi daga baya. Hakanan suna nan, abubuwa da yawa daga teku da kogi kamar su kifi, jatan lande, kaguje, kawa, katantanwa… A wannan lokacin na shekara, da carps (Fig.5) sun fi nema kuma shagunan da ke sayar da su suna cike da cunkoson jama'a kamar yadda kowa ke so ya sayi aƙalla ɗayansu. Bayan gaskiyar cewa, da zarar an dafa abinci ko soyayyen, kifin baya ƙanƙantar da ƙanƙantar da kai a kan tire na sadaka, to shima yana wakiltar doki ne ga Abincin Allah don hawa zuwa Sama.

Sayar da kifi - Holylandvietnamstudies.com
Fig.5: Sayar da kifi

   Hakanan an lasafta su a cikin jerin abubuwan da mata za su saya idan sun je kasuwa akwai kowane irin kayan lambu masu kore kamar: kohlrabi, farin kabeji, chayote, dankalin turawa, tumatir, karas, kabeji, farin radish, pickles, salads, albasa, barkono, tafarnuwa, chili… da kayan yaji irin su basilin, cockcombb mint, kayan yaji ganye, coriander, perilla…

  Wanda aka rasa tsakanin koren tsire-tsire masu zafi shine orange momordica, nau'in 'ya'yan itace da ke bawa launi ruwan lemo na farantin momordica mai shinkafa mai kyawu sosai akan tire.

    Yanzu a cikin kayan busassun kayayyaki iri daban-daban ne kamar harbi da gora mai rawaya, harbin gora na yau da kullum, harshen gora na alade wanda yake da ɗan tsada saboda suna da daɗin jita-jita da gaske. Na gaba sai nau'ikan kunnuwan Bayahude da namomin kaza masu ƙanshi da ake sayarwa ta igiya, da kuma busassun mafitsara busasshen kifi ko busasshen fata alade cike kwanduna da yawa. Abubuwa na ƙarshe da za'a ƙara cikin wannan jeri sune nau'ikan busassun pancakes, ɗanyen busassun pancakes, yankakke busassun pancakes, shinkafar shinkafa da vermicelli…

    Mu zo ga kayan masarufin da suke ɗaukar darajar al'adu fiye da ƙimar abin duniya, muna nufin sadaka watau abincin da za'a nuna akan bagadi. Sun hada da furanni, dunkulen buzu-buzu mai dunƙulen burodi, betel, areca nut, sugar cane, barasa, adana abubuwa, da kowane irin fruitsa fruitsan itace kamar lemu, mandarine, kumquat, hannayen koren ayaba, ruwan leda mai rawaya, kumatun yatsu… dukkan sandar sukari tare da nau'ikan sandunan joss iri daban-daban kamar su sandunan rawanin rawaya, sandunan baƙar fata, turaren turare, manyan sandunan joss, aquilaria, kyandirori (Fig.6)… Da abubuwa daban daban na joss paper don hada spackled joss paper.

Sayar da sukari na iya - Holylandvietnamstudies.com
Fig.6: Sayar da gwangwani sukari

    Ban da duk abubuwanda aka fitar dasu akwai wasu kayayyaki da aka kebe wa maza haruffa kamar su aikin dutsen, tukwane na furanni (Fig.7)… Hakanan an nuna su a yalwace iri-iri na giya, shayi, adana abubuwa, zane-zanen jama'a da masu kashe wuta - musamman ma masu wuta. Nau'in giya da aka sani a Arewa sune: banda giya na launuka iri-iri kamar su lemun zaki mai launin rawaya, ja mai launin ja, mai ruwan dundu-mai shunayya… mutum yakan ga tukwane na giyar karkara, tukwane na violet rice giya (mutane a Kudu suna kiranta "rượu nếp fiye" wanda ke nufin giya shinkafa a Turanci). Phúc Thái shayi na frangipani A ƙarshe, abubuwan adanawa da zaƙi suna da yawa iri daban-daban tare da siffar murabba'i, siffar zagaye, akwatunan mai hawa biyu ko masu kusurwa uku, suna riƙe da adana abinci guda biyar, abubuwan adana iri daban-daban… haka kuma abubuwan adana na 'ya'yan itace kuma ana sayar da su ta kilo kamar irin su carambola, adana lotus, kwakwa kiyayewa, kiyaye tumatir, kumquat kiyaye…

    a ƙarshe, duk wanda yaje ga Kasuwar Tết domin kare kanka da duk dangi dole ne su tuna su sayi 'yan lemun tsami (Fig.8) don tsofaffin mutane su tauna betel har zuwa ƙarshen farkon watan. Wannan saboda, idan ya faru ya manta da shi to dole ya siya lemun tsami a farkon sabuwar shekara, zai kawo nau'o'in rashin sa'a a cikin sabuwar shekara, kamar yadda mutane suka yi imani da cewa "lemun tsami ba gaskiya bane" (bạc như vôi). Don wannan, matan aure sukan tunatar da juna wani lokacin hukuncin wanda ya karanta:

Gidan lambun - Holylandvietnamstudies.com
Hoto.7: Lambun

    "Ău năm mua muối, cuối năm mua vôi"(Buaya yana sayi gishiri a farkon shekara kuma ɗayan ya sayi lemun tsami a ƙarshen shekara), kamar yadda mutane suka yi imani da cewa idan sun sayi gishiri a farkon shekara, rayuwarsu a duk tsawon shekara za su zama masu daɗi da sa'a.

    Shin wanda ya je kasuwa bai ji daɗin zakka ba? Tit-bits sayar da shagunan a Tt kasuwa suna da mafi yawan ayyukanda suke motsawa. Idan ba dandana kowane irin wainar ba kamar su wainar shinkafa mai laushi, biredin alade, biredin ash, dafaffen shinkafa cike da ciyawar wake, dafaffen shinkafa mai cike da kek da nama, karamin biredin shinkafa mai cincin, popcorn cake… ko kuma duk wani mai zaki kamar yadda sesame mai dadi, gyada mai dadi (Fig.9), gari mai daɗi, zana mai daɗi, gasasshen shinkafa… wanda aƙalla zai zaɓi kwano na shinkafa vermicelli a cikin nau'ikan azurfan vermicelli, cutlet vermicelli, stewed vermicelli, m kaguwa miya vermicelli, vermicelli tare da naman da aka dafa shi da ƙanshi knotweed gra

Transport of lemun tsami - Holylandvietnamstudies.com
Hoto.8: Hadaya da lemun tsami

    A cikin ƙasar Arewacin Vietnam, har zuwa ranakun kusa Tt - 29th ko 30th na watan Lunar da ya gabata kwanakin dab da kusa da Tết har yanzu suna da masu siyarwa waɗanda suke kama da sauri amma yanayin bai zama mai cike da damuwa ba kamar kwanakin da suka gabata. Mutum yana jin ko'ina cikin gayyata tare da dagewa yana kiran wasu masu siye su sayi ragowar kajin, sauran kwai, ko wasu kayan lambu da ba a sayar ba ko 'ya'yan itace… daga masu sayarwa wadanda suka yi iya kokarinsu wajen tattara abubuwan da suka gabata don rufe yawan kudaden da mutum zai iya samu a kan da 3 Zamanin T dayst.

Sayar da nougat - Holylandvietnamstudies.com
Fig.9: Sayar da nougat

     Ranar Tết ta ƙarshe, duk da sha'awar mutum na faɗaɗa shi, kawai ba zai iya wuce tsakar rana ba - watau zuwa ƙarshen “Ngọma"Sa'a ko farkon"Mùi"Awa (a 1 ko 2: OO PM).2 Bayan ya na kowa da sayar da kuma sayan ayyukan gama-gari Kwanan kasuwa, ya kamata mu kama wannan damar don bayyana takamaiman ranakun kasuwancin Tết a wasu yankuna da aka lura sosai wadanda zasu taimaka mana samun kyakkyawar fahimtar al'adu, kayan duniya da rayuwar ruhaniya na Mutanen Vietnam.

NOTE:
1 Mataimakin Farfesa HUNG NGUYEN MANH, Doctor na ilimin kimiya a Tarihi.
2 Dangane da LÊ TRUNG VŨ - Teat na gargajiya na Vietnamese - Aiki da aka ambata a sama.

BAN TU THU
01 / 2020

NOTE:
Source: Vietnamese Lunar Sabuwar Shekara - Babban Bikin - Asso. Farfesa HUNG NGUYEN MANH, Likita na Falsafa a Tarihi.
Ban Ban Tu Thu ya saita rubutu mai karfi da hotunan sepia - samawariya.et

Bincika ALSO:
Daga zane a farkon karni na 20 zuwa ayyukan gargajiya da bikin.
'  Alamar kalmar “Tết”
Lunar Sabuwar Shekara
Dangane da MUTANE MUTANE - Damuwa ga KITCHEN da CAKES
Damuwar MUTANE MUTANE - Damuwan KASUWANCI - Sashe na 1
Sabuwar Sabuwar Shekarar Vietnam - vi-VersiGoo
◊ da dai sauransu

(Ziyarci 434 sau, 5 ziyara a yau)
en English
X