GABATARWA - HUNG NGUYEN MANH, Mataimakin Farfesa, Likita na ilimin dabbobi a Tarihi

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Asso. Farfesa Hun Nguyen Manh PhD.

Hoto: Mataimakin Farfesa Hung, Nguyen Manh PhD.

      Mataimakin Furofesa - Doctor na Falsafa a Tarihi Nguyen Manh Hung shine mutumin da ya fara bayar da gudummawa ga kafa ta Tsarin makarantu masu zaman kansu a Vietnam har abada 1986 a fannin ilimin kimiya na Jami'ar Ho Chi Minh (wanda a halin yanzu shine Jami'ar Nazarin Al'umma da Al'umma). Wannan aiki ne wanda sabo sabo ne a cikin halin Vietnam a wancan lokacin. Koyaya, godiya ga yanayin ɗabi'arsa wacce ta kasance mai ladabi, mai sauƙi, mai ladabi, kuma hakan koyaushe yana san yadda ake sauraren tunani, yayin da kuma sanin yadda ake yin adalci, ya sami nasarar shawo kan matsaloli da yawa a baya, da kuma a yanzu don ci gaba da bayar da kyakkyawan gudummawarsa ba kawai ga ba filin ilimi, amma kuma a wasu filayen kamar tarihi, adabi, ilimin harshe, ilimi, wasan tsere, zane-zane da sauransu…

        Mataimakin Farfesa Hung, Nguyen Manh PhD. ya yi rubuce-rubucen ayyukan bincike da rubuce-rubucensa da yawa a cikin Ho Chi Minh City. Ya gabatar da musamman Tarin hotunan tsoffin Vietnam a kwanakin da suka gabata, kuma Hanoi da kuma Saigon a zamanin da an tattara shi daga tarin tsoffin katunan, kwanan wata daga lokacin da Faransanci suka kasance a nan, waɗanda yake tattarawa tun yana ƙaramin ɗalibi a Saigon. Shi ma aboki ne kuma mai haɗin gwiwar mujallar Vietnam Ta gabata da Yanzu wanda ya kasance abokin tafiya a cikin yawancin tafiye-tafiye daga Mekong Delta a Hanoi ta hanyar muhawara da yawa da suka shafi tarihi, al'adun masu karatu.

       Ya kasance ɗalibi wanda ya halarci Faculty of Letters da Faculty of Law tun yaushe 1963 in Saigon. Mahaifinsa ya sadaukar da kansa a cikin yaƙin adawa da Faransanci a tashar D, yankin Tân Uyên, Tân Tĩnh - Naing Nai lokacin da yake ɗan shekara 3 kawai. Iyayensa sun shawo kan babban tashin hankali da ɓarna a cikin lokutan yaƙin biyu. Lokacin da Faransawan suka kama mahaifinsa, suka banka wa gidansa wuta kuma suka yi niyyar kama ko da mahaifiyarsa, ita da kansa sun tsere sun zo Saigon, kuma sun yi hayar gida a yankin Saigon - Gia Định don su zauna. Sannan ya halarci makarantar da 'Yan uwa Krista sannan daga baya, yayi karatu a Jami'a. Tun da ba shi da madaidaicin mazauni har yanzu, wasu darare, yayin karatu a Jami'ar, dole ne ya ɓoye kansa a cikin Laburaren Cibiyar Nazarin Archaeological Saigon a karkashin kariya daga shi kansa mai karatun. Daga wannan laburaren - zuwa shekarar 1961 - ya gano wasu takardu masu daraja mai taken Dabarar jama'ar Annamese by Henri Oger.

       H. Oger ya gudanar da ayyukan bincike a Vietnam ta hanyar Hanyar Monographical wanda ya sabawa tsarin aiki wanda yai sarauta a tsarin mulkin mallaka na Faransawa. H. Oger ya yi aiki tare da Masu zane-zanen Vietnamese zana Siffar 4577 bayanin abubuwa da dama da suka shafi batutuwan kamar rayuwar duniya, rayuwar kwakwalwa, rayuwa ta ruhaniya ta hanyar karba-karba, ka'idoji, da halaye zuwa rayuwa, gami da wasu rassa dabaru daban-daban na manoma da ke zaune a Mekong Delta a cikin shekarun 1908 - 1909 a Hanoi (Wadannan bayanan sune alkalumman da Mataimakin Farfesa Hung, Nguyen Manh PhD suka tattara.).

       H. Oger ya ba da labari cikin Faransanci. Malaman Confucian Vietnamese sun yi amfani da harshe na rubutu don ɗaukar salon Hotunan ƙauyen Hồ da kuma Hàng Trống sket kuma an bayyana su cikin Sinanci da Nôm (Harafin Demotic) a kan kowane zane.

Hoto: Mataimakin Farfesa Hung, Nguyen Manh PhD. aka fentin da matarsa

        Koyaya, aikin ya zama lalacewa, a tsakanin tarin tarin litattafai na ɗakin karatu, kusan kusan ƙarni guda. Mataimakin Farfesa Hung Nguyen Manh, PhD. ya gano shi kuma ya ambace shi ga ɗakin karatu. Daga wannan ɗakin karatu da kyau Kamfanin fim na Saigon Alpha An yi fim a microfilm don gabatar da shi ga masu karatu duka a cikin gida da kuma na waje, yayin da aka ba da kwafin kwafin ga ɗalibin Nguyen Manh Hung a matsayin kyauta da takarda don amfanin kansa. A Afrilu 1984, ya bisa hukuma ta yi rajista da shi a matsayin batun nazarin kimiyya a ƙarƙashin jagorancin Ma'aikatar Farfesa na Jami'ar Ho Chi Minh City. Tare da taimakon Ubangiji Liteungiyar wallafe-wallafen Jama'a da Artsungiyar Wasannin Filayen Fiya na Vietnamese, ya gabatar da Set of Document a cikin Seminar da aka shirya a ranar 13 ga Yuli, 1985 a Hanoi don sanar da duniya cewa har yanzu suna cikin Vietnam kofe biyu, kiyaye shi a manyan ɗakunan karatu guda biyu, ɗaya a Saigon Laburaren Tarihi wanda yake a yanzu haka Laburaren Ho Chi Minh, da kuma wani a Dandalin Hanoi. Abubuwan da aka ambata a sama na duccent ɗin ba'a taɓa ganin su ba Paris. Koyaya, akwai kuma a Farfesa a kasar Japan wanda kuma ke ajiye a matsayin kundin tarihin wannan takaddar takaddar, kuma yayin da yake karatu a Japan, Mataimakin Farfesa Hung, Nguyen Manh PhD. ya yi mu'amala da wannan Farfesan na kasar Japan. Tun daga wannan lokacin, ya sami izini daga Sashen Tarihi na Jami'ar Hanoi (wanda a halin yanzu shine Jami'ar Nazarin Al'umma da Al'umma) ya ci gaba da zama a Sashen don ci gaba da karatunsa, inganta iliminsa, da kuma cika ka'idoji da yawa wadanda ke taimaka masa da kuma ba shi damar samun isassun kwarewa da matsayin ci gaba da kare rubutun nasa. Ya kasance a wancan lokacin Takardar don Digirin Jagora na ɗan takarar a Tarihi. Daga baya, ya ci gaba da gabatar da wannan saitin takaddun a wasu wurare daban-daban. A cikin Hanoi, ya gabatar da shi a Sinanci - Cibiyar Nôm, da Cibiyar Harsuna, kuma a Sashen Vietnamese na Jami'ar Hanoi. A cikin garin Ho Chi Minh City, ya gabatar da shi a Ho Chi Minh City Sciences Social, da Ofungiyar Intwararrun Masu fasaha, Medicungiyar Magunguna, da Gidan Matan Kudu, da Dindindin na Cibiyar Al'adu, da Taron Harsunan Gabas ta Tsakiya na Socialasashen Tauri, aka shirya a ranar 22 ga Nuwamba, 1986 a Ho Chi Minh City, the Laburaren Labaran Kimiyya na Ho Chi Minh City, da Littattafan Fim na Littattafan Ma’aikatar Ilimi, Da Hukumar Kimiyya ta Ma'aikatar Ilmi ta Jami'ar Ho Chi Minh City.

      Musamman, Mataimakin Farfesa Hung Nguyen Manh PhD. ya gabatar da hukuma bisa tsarin sa a Jami'ar Jihar California, Fullerton a amsa gayyatarsa ​​a ciki 2004, Kuma a cikin Paris in 2006, da kuma a Japan, Korea, Thailand, da dai sauransu Domin a sani kuma gabatar da taƙaice aikin da aka ambata a sama H. Oger, mahaifiyarsa dole ta sayar da kayan ta don tara ɗan talan zinariya don shi zuwa Hanoi don ci gaba da rahotonta. Bayan wannan, littafin da aka buga ta Gidan Buga na Matasa a ranar 3 ga Yuni, 1988 karkashin taken “Hoton Vietnamese zuwa farkon karni na 20”. A wancan lokacin, an kimanta littafin a matsayin mai kyau, tare da abubuwan al'adu da suka fi tamani fiye da na littattafan da aka fassara waɗanda suke kan gaba a wannan lokacin. Daga baya, mun samu labarin cewa akwai wasu Farfesoshin Faransanci guda biyu, na makarantar Makarantar Faransanci ta Hanoi, waɗanda suka tuntube shi kuma suka yi magana da shi game da wannan aikin, tare da alkawarin kawo shi Faransa don gabatar da shi. Amma, bayan wannan, waɗannan Farfesoshin Faransa waɗanda aka ambata ɗazu sun sami taimakon kuɗi daga ƙasashe 2 don ci gaba da ayyukansu na bincike, kuma su ba da cikakken bayanin aikinsu, yayin gabatar da kansu a matsayin mutanen da suka fara gano aikin. Koyaya, Farfesa Phan Huy Lê, Shugaban Historyungiyar eseungiyar Vietnam ta Tarihi Ya ba da sanarwar cewa Mataimakin Farfesa Hung Nguyen Manh PhD ne ya gano wannan aikin. Wanene ainihin mutumin da ya fara gano kuma ya sami nasara kuma bisa hukuma yana kare maganganun sa a Hanoi. Masu binciken da suka zo bayansa sun ci gaba da ɗaukar wannan aikin ta hanyar taimakon kuɗi da yawa na ƙasashe.

Jami'ar Fullerton ta Amurka - Mataimakin Farfesa Hung Nguyen Manh PhD. - Holylandvietnamstudies.com

Hoto: Jami'ar Fullerton ta Amurka - Mataimakin Farfesa Hung, Nguyen Manh, PhD.

        Abubuwan da aka gabatar game da batun sun sami damar mallakar kwafin mallaka na doka kuma an ajiye shi azaman adana bayanai a Babban dakin karatu na Hanoi. Nan gaba kadan, marubucin wannan aikin zai sake sanya shi a matsayin aikin yare biyu a ranar bikin Tuna da Sabuwar Lunar ta wannan shekarar.

Hung, Nguyen Manh
Mataimakin Farfesa, Likita na ilimin kimiya a Tarihi

NOTE:
Tu Ban Tu Thu. an saita m, baƙaƙen rubutu, haruffa masu launi da hotunan sepia.

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