GOUJIAN: Takobin Sinawa na zamanin da wadanda suka saba wa lokaci

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Dandalin Bryan 1

     Shekaru XNUMX da suka wuce, an samo takobi mai ban mamaki da baƙon abu a cikin wani kabari a China. Duk da kasancewa lafiya sama da shekaru 2,000, Takobin, da aka sani da Goujian, Ba shi da alama ko tsatsa ko ɗaya. Wukar ta jawo jini lokacin da wani masanin ilmin kimiya na kayan tarihi ya gwada dan yatsansa a kan gefensa, da alama hakan bai shafe shi ba. Bayan wannan baƙon ingancin, ƙwarewar ƙwararriyar ta kasance cikakke sosai don takobi wanda aka yi shi da daɗewa. Dauke shi a matsayin taskar ƙasa a yau a China, takobi ya zama sananne ga jama'ar Sinawa kamar Excalibur na Sarki Arthur a Yamma.

     In 1965, masu binciken archaeologists suna gudanar da bincike a ciki Lardin Hubei, kawai 7 km (4 mil) daga kango na Jinan, babban birnin kasar tsohuwar jihar Chu, lokacin da suka gano tsoffin kaburbura hamsin. A lokacin rami na kaburburan, masu bincike suka gano abin takobin Goujian tare da wasu kayayyakin tarihi guda dubu biyu. 

Gano Goujian

Goujian takobi mai kaifi - Holylandvietnamstudies.com
Takobin Goujian yana da kaifi a yau kamar yadda ya yi sama da shekara dubu biyu da suka gabata (Source: Wikimedia Commons)

   A cewar shugaban ƙungiyar archaeology da ke da alhakin rabar, an gano shi a cikin kabarin, a cikin akwatin kusa kusa da akwatin katako kusa da kwarangwal. Wasungiyar ta ba da mamaki yayin da aka cire takobi na tagulla daidai tare da ƙwallaye daga akwatin. Lokacin da ba'a gama aiki ba, sai aka saukar da ruwan wutar bawai duk da cewa an binne shi a cikin kazaman yanayi na tsawan shekaru biyu. Gwajin da masanan suka gudanar sun nuna cewa damin zai iya yanke takarda guda ashirin.

Takobi Jian

    The Takobin Goujian yana daya daga cikin sanannun sanannun Takobi Jian, takobi mai kaifi madaidaiciya wanda aka yi amfani dashi lokacin ƙarshe 2,500 shekaru a China. Takobin Jian suna cikin nau'ikan takobi na farko a kasar Sin kuma suna da alaƙa da tatsuniyoyin Sinawa. A almara na kasar Sin, an san shi da “Mai baƙon Makami”Kuma ana ɗaukarsa ɗayan manyan makamai huɗu, tare da ma’aikata, mashi, da saber.

Goujian takobi - Holylandvietnamstudies.com
Takobin Goujian, Gidan tarihi na Hubei (Source: Wikimedia Commons)

  In mun gwada da gajere idan aka kwatanta da guda guda tarihi, da Gouijan takobi ne mai takobi na tagulla tare da babban taro na jan karfe, sa shi mafi sauƙi kuma ƙasa da yiwuwar rushewa. An yi gefuna da tin, yana sa su zama masu wahala kuma masu iya riƙe da ƙifi mai kaifi. Hakanan akwai ƙananan iron, jagoranci da sulfur a cikin takobi, da kuma bincike ya bayyana wani babban adadin sulfur da kofin garin sulfide, wanda ke ba takobi takan zama tsatsa. Black rhombic etchings sun rufe bangarorin biyu na ruwan shada da shuɗin shuɗi kuma an saka turquoise a kan takobi. Rikon takobi yana ɗaure da alharini yayin da ake ɗorawa sama a cikin da'ira 11. Takobin ya auna Tsayin 55.7 cm (21.9 a), ciki har da wani 8.4 cm (3.3 a) rike hilt, kuma yana da 4.6 cm (1.8 a) fadi da ruwa. Yana da nauyin nauyin 875 (30.9) oz. 

Goujian takobi takobi - Holylandvietnamstudies.com
Za'a iya ganin tufan na murfin takobin a hannu (Source: Wikimedia Commons)

Bayyanin rubutun

   A wani gefen ruwa, rubutu biyu ana bayyane tare da haruffa takwas, kusa da dutsen, waɗanda suke a cikin tsohuwar rubutun Sinanci. Rubutun, wanda aka sani da suna "鸟 虫 文" (a zahiri “'tsuntsaye da kuma tsutsotsi haruffa ”) ana nuna shi ta hanyar kayan kwalliya masu ban sha'awa da ma'anar bugun gabbai, kuma bambance ne na zhuan wannan yana da matukar wahalar karantawa. Binciken farko ya bayyana shida daga cikin waɗannan haruffa takwas. Sun karanta, “越 王” (Sarkin Yue) da kuma "自 作用 剑" ("yayi wannan takobi don (nasa) amfanin kai"). Sauran haruffa biyu masu yiwuwa ne sunan sarki

Rubutun takobi na Goujian - Holylandvietnamstudies.com

    Daga haihuwarta a ciki 510 BC zuwa ga halaka a hannun Chu in 334 BC, sarakuna tara suka yi sarauta Yue, ciki har da Goujian, Lu Cheng, Bu Shou, Da kuma Zhu Gou, da sauransu. Asalin sarki wanda ya mallaki takobi ya haifar da muhawara tsakanin masana kimiya na tarihi da masanin yaren China. Bayan fiye da watanni biyu, masana sun kirkiro yarjejeniya cewa asalin owner na takobi ya Goujian (496 - 465 BC), yin takobi a kusa 2,500 shekara

    Goujian Sarkin Yue - Holylandvietnamstudies.comGoujian wani mashahurin sarki ne a tarihin kasar Sin wanda ya ci sarautar Jihar Yue lokacin spring da kuma Lokaci na kaka (771 - 476 BC). Wannan lokacin ne da aka nuna alama ta rikici a cikin Daular Zhou kuma suna ɗaukar sunanta daga wurin Ubangiji spring da kuma Lokacin bazarawanda ya warkar da wannan lokacin. The spring da kuma Lokaci na kaka ya kasance sananne ne game da balaguron soja; wadannan rikice-rikicen sun haifar da kammalawar makamai har zuwa cewa sun kasance masu matukar juriya da kisa, suna ɗaukar shekaru don ƙirƙirawa da ɗorewa na ƙarni. Labarin Goujian da kuma Fuchai, Sarki na Kasar Wu, yin takara don samun babban matsayi ya shahara a duk kasar Sin. Kodayake Goujian's Mulkin aka farko kayar da Kasar Wu, Goujian Zai jagoranci sojojinsa zuwa nasara shekaru 10 bayan haka. 

Musamman kaddarorin

    Bayan darajar ta tarihi, malamai da yawa sun yi mamakin yadda wannan takobi zai kasance ya kasance ba shi da halin tsatsa a cikin yanayi mara laima, fiye da yadda 2,000 shekaru, da kuma yadda aka sassaka kyawawan kayan adon cikin takobi. The takobin Goujian har yanzu yana da kaifi a yau kamar yadda aka yi sa'ilin da farko, kuma ba a sami takamaiman wuri ɗaya na ƙishi a jiki a yau.

    Masu binciken sun binciko tsoffin karfen tagulla a cikin fatan samun hanyar yin kwatankwacin fasahar da aka yi amfani da ita wajen kera takobi. Sun gano cewa takobi yana da juriya ga hadawan abu da iska sakamakon sulphation da ke saman takobi. Wannan, haɗe tare da takaddama mai iska, ya ba da damar samun takobi mai almara a cikin irin wannan yanayin mara kyau.

    Gwaje-gwaje kuma sun nuna cewa masu-takobi na Wu da kuma Yue yankuna a Kudancin China yayin spring da kuma Lokaci na kaka sun kai wannan babban matakin ƙarfe wanda sun sami damar shigar da ƙarar baƙin ƙarfe a cikin ruwan wukake, taimaka musu su tsira daga tsararraki marasa ƙarfi. 

Takaita Laifi

    In 1994, da Takobin Goujian an aro shi don nuna ciki Singapore. Kamar yadda wani ma'aikaci yake cire takobi daga maganganunsa a ƙarshen baje kolin, sai ya kwankwasa makamin, ya haifar da fashewa mai tsayi 7mm. Lalacewar ta haifar da hargitsi a cikin kasar Sin kuma ba a sake yarda da ita ba a cikin kasar. Ana kiyaye shi a yanzu Gidan Tarihi na lardin Hubei.

References

+ “Takobin Goujian. ” TarihinRex.com. http://historiarex.com/e/en/89-sword-of-goujian.
+ “Takobin Sword: Takobin Goujian. ” Al'adun kasar Sin.
http://www.chinaculture.org/gb/en_curiosity/2004-06/23/content_47488.htm
+ Andrei, Mihai. "Takobin Goujian - Ba shi da ilimi bayan shekaru 2700. ” Kimiyyar ZME. 21 ga Oktoba, 2011.
+ Kalamidas, Thanos. "Bam ɗin da Ya Rage Millennia. ” Gbtimes.com. Afrilu 17, 2013.
http://gbtimes.com/life/blade-defeated-millennia

BAN TU THƯ
03 / 2020

NOTES:
1 Dandalin Bryan: Bryan ya kammala karatun digiri na farko a fannin tarihi a jami'ar Suffolk kuma yana da masaniyar kayan agaji na gidan kayan gargajiya kuma yana aiki tare da kungiyoyin yara a Museum of Science da National Park Service. Ya yi tafiye tafiye ko'ina a cikin Amurka da kuma na duniya. Bayan ya ɗauki zangon karatu biyu a ƙasashen waje ta hanyar Jami'ar Mississippi, ya ziyarci ɓarna da wurare masu yawa a cikin Meziko inda ya haɓaka darajar al'adun gargajiya da wayewar kai. Yayin da yake can, ya kuma ɗauki harshen sakandare a cikin Sifen. Tare da kasancewa mai karatun digiri na Tarihi, Bryan memba ne na Alphaungiyar Girmama ta Phiasa ta Phi Alpha Theta. A lokacin sa'a, Bryan yana jin daɗin yin aiki, karatu kuma yana da sha'awar magani da abinci mai gina jiki.
Source: Asalin Tarihi, Sake kunnawa na Pastan Adam da suka gabata: old-origins.net
Ban Ban Tu Thu ya saita rubutu mai karfi da hotunan sepia - samawariya.et

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