VIETNAMESE LANGUAGE na Vietnamese da Baƙi - Kalaman Vietnamese - Sashe na 3

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Kalaman Vietnamese

   The baƙaƙe cewa faruwa a K'abilan Biyetnam An jera su a ƙasa a cikin bayanin orthography na Vietnamese tare da lafazanin suturar haruffa zuwa dama.

Kayan Vietnamese - Holylandvietnamstudies.com
Kayan K'abilan Biyetnam (Asali: Vietungiyar Ma'aikata ta Lac Vietnam)

     wasu sauti na baƙi an rubuta su da wasika guda ɗaya kawai (kamar “p"), wasu sautin na yarda da rubutu an rubuta su da harafin rashin kunya biyu (kamar “ph"), da sauransu an rubuta su da fiye da wasika ɗaya ko digraph (an dakatar da maraba da yawa kamar haka “c","k", Ko"q").

     Allon da ke ƙasa suna nuna cikakken bayani kuma yana iya taimaka muku da sauƙin fahimta.

Yaren mutanen Vietnam skarancin baƙaƙe

     akwai 17 baƙaƙe ɗaya kamar yadda aka jera a ƙasa:

K'abilan Biyetnam baƙaƙe - Holylandvietnamstudies.com
K'asar Vietnam ta guda guda (Source: IRD New Tech)

K'abilan Biyetnam baƙaƙe gungu

     akwai 11 baƙaƙe gungu:

Cungiyoyin baƙi na Vietnamese - Holylandvietnamstudies.com
Cungiyoyin baƙi na Vietnamese (Asali: Vietungiyar Ma'aikata ta Lac Vietnam)

VHabasha karshe baƙaƙe

     akwai 8 baƙaƙe na ƙarshe:

Kayan karshe na Vietnamese - Holylandvietnamstudies.com
Ka'idojin Karshen Vietnam na Karshe (Source: IRN New Tech)

Bambanci tsakanin sautuna biyu - K & Kh, Ng & Ngh

     Wajibi ne a samar da bambanci tsakanin waɗannan sauti biyu:

K vs. Kh

   "K"&"kh"Biyu daga cikin alamomin rubutu a cikin harshen Vietnamese. "K”An samar da shi ne ba a ɓoye ba. Yana da kama da “c"In cat. a Harshen Vietnamese yayi kama da “c"Da kuma"q”. Zai yiwu ɗayan kalmomin gama gari da aka fara da “k"Shine"mugunta"Wanda ke nufin"ice cream"Da kuma"dubao"Wanda ke nufin"alewa". "Kh"An samar da lenis m dorsorelar spirant. Mafi na kowa 'kh"kalmar ne"không"Wanda ke nufin"babu"Ko"ba”Ko da yake akwai Kadan ma'ana gama gari kamar da. "Khỏe"Wanda ke nufin"karfi"Da kuma"lafiya”Wata kalma ce gama gari. Don sanya “khỏe không"Bayan magana ta sirri ita ce tambaya game da lafiyar wani - a zahiri:"lafiya kalau?"Kamar yadda a cikin"bạn khỏe không?"Hakanan a cikin waɗannan lokutan lokutan abinci, ana san faransar soya mai mahimmanci"khoai tây chiên"Ma'ana"dankalin turawa soya".

Bambanci tsakanin K da Kh - Holylandvietnamstudies.com
Bambanci tsakanin K da Kh (Asali: Vietungiyar Ma'aikata ta Lac Viet)

Ng da Ngh

    Sautin hakan  ng da kuma ngh yi a ciki K'abilan Biyetnam shi ne da nisa da sauti mafi wuya don Yammaci suyi. Ng da kuma ngh kawai sautin karshe a cikin “Sarkin"Ko"Gudun"(idan dai ba ku yi wuya /g/ sauti a karshen). Matsalar ta taso lokacin da  ng or ngh zo a farkon kalma, a matsayin sunan gama gari Nguyễn a fili ya nuna. Anan, dole ne mai magana da yawun ya wareŋ/ sauti, wanda wasu kamus na Yammacin Turai ba su san shi cikin jagororin gabatarwa ba. (Waɗanda ba su wakilci kamar /ng/.) Wannan darasi zai taimaka muku aƙalla furta kalmar /ŋ/ sauti sosai isa ga ɗan ƙasa mai sauraro.

    Abu daya tilas a lura dashi shine hadewar wadannan baƙaƙe na sama  Ng/ ngh tare da wasula. Duba ƙasa don cikakken bayani:

      Bambanci tsakanin Ng da Ngh (Source: coviet.vn)

      Ngh za a iya haɗa tare da wasula waɗanda aka fara tare da su i, e, ê.

     Ng iya hadawa tare da wasula da aka fara da su a, o, ơ, ô, u, ư.

   Bayan haka, K'abilan Biyetnam yana da wani sauti guda biyu (g/ gh) waxanda duk lafazin suke da /g/, ga waɗannan baƙin, akwai doka a cikin haɗawa tare da wasula.

Bambanci Ng da Ngh - Holylandvietnamstudies.com

- gh za a iya haɗawa tare da wasali fara tare da e, ê, i.
- g iya tafiya da wasali tare da farawa a, o, ơ, ô, u, ư.
* g kuma iya tafiya tare da i amma a wannan yanayin za'a kira shi kamar haka /j/, misali cái gì.

… Ci gaba a cikin sashe na 4…

Bincika Ƙari:
LATSA VIETNAMESE na Vietnamese da Baƙi - Gabatarwa - Sashe na 1
Harshen VIETNAMESE don Vietnamese da Baƙi - Harafin Vietnamese - sashe 2
VIETNAMESE LANGUAGE na Vietnamese da Baƙi - Itakun Vietnamese - Sashe na 4
Harshen VIETNAMESE don Vietnam da Baƙi - Tattaunawa ta Vietnamese: Gaisuwa - Sashe na 5

BAN TU THU
02 / 2020

NOTE:
Image Hoto na kai - Source: Dalibin musayar Vietnam.
Tu Bayani, m rubutu, rubutun haruffa a cikin sashi da hoton sepia an saita ta Ban Tu Thu - samawariya.et

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