La COCHINCHINE ko Nam Ky

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Ass. Farfesa Nguyen Manh Hung PhD.

       La Cochinchine or Nam Ky, babban yankin Kudancin Vietnam, na ɗaya daga cikin maƙasudin gawawwakin Faransawa na hanyar zuwa nasara yayin ƙarshen 19th karni. Wannan kalmar mahadi ya kunshi abubuwa biyu: Cochin or Cocin zane Chaochi (tsohuwar Vietnam Nam) da kuma China samu daga Qin (dauloli daya a kasar Sin a zamanin Jiha) yana nuna asalin wurin zuwa China. Duk da haka, wani tunanin ya danganta wannan sunan da Cochin, a haraji na Mekong kogin (ko Kohchin ko Cuu Tsayi), wanda ya haye Thuy Chan Lap (Ruwa na Ruwa) kuma inda mazaunan Nam Ky ke zama.

       A cikin 15th karni, masu binciken teku a Turai zasu tsaya a Mekong delta don siyan abinci da ruwa mai tsafta. Ana iya faɗi cewa Nam Ky wani nau'in “Silk Road"A kan koguna, masu matukar kyau don ma'amala ta kasuwanci ta ruwa. Masu binciken Turai ma sun kira shi Chochi or Cochin don bambance shi da Cochin a Indiya.

       A wani lokaci a tarihin Vietnam Nam, Cochinchine An yi amfani da shi don zane Dang Trong, Da kuma Harshen Turanci domin Dang Ngoai. A halin yanzu, Vietnam Nam, Laos da Kambodiya an tsara su ta sunan "Indochina”. Wannan kalmar ta haifar da rudani a cikin fahimtar yawancin 'yan kasashen waje game da Gabas ta Tsakiya lokacin da suka tsara hanyarsu ta balaguro saboda yana nufin Indiya da China ne. Haka kuma, 'yan kasashen waje za su yi wa kansu tambayar me yasa Vietnam ta kasu kashi biyu: Dang Trong da kuma Dang Ngoai da yankin tsakanin su, inda masarautar masarautar take, ake kira An Nam. A karkashin mamayar Faransa, aka basu suna Bac Ky, Nam Ky da kuma Trung Ky bi da bi.

       Ko Nam Ky, yankin da ke fuskantar juzu'i na siyasa da yawa, an kira shi daban yayin tarihin: Gia Dinh (1779- 1832); Nam Ky (1834-1945); Nam Bo (1945-1948); Nam Phan (1948-1956); Nam Vietnam or Mien Nam (1956-1975); ko Phuong Nam yanki a halin yanzu.

       Wannan littafin mai suna La Cochinchine ya bayyana tarihi, tattalin arziki, al'adu da yawon shakatawa na babban ƙasa a cikin kogin Cuu Long ko kuma mai suna Nam Ky Luc Tinh. A farkon 20th karni, Nam Ky ya zama daular Faransa kuma gwamna D. Cognacq ke mulkin sa. Sunansa ya bayyana a murfin littafin a matsayin shaida ga mahimmancin al'adun da littafin zai iya faɗi kansa.

        Littafin yana farawa ne da jawabin da Janar na Indochina ya yi Alexandre Varenne a kan 11th Oktoba 1925 a St-Gervais. Wani ɓangare na ilimin ilimin Faransanci na wancan lokacin ya ɗauki shi a matsayin ɗan siyasa mai ilimin zamantakewa. Jawabin kamar yana gabatar da wani tsarin ne na nuna mulkin dan adam kamar yadda ya sanya littafin ya sami damar isa ga da'irar siyasa a Paris maimakon Vietnam Nam.

        Har yanzu, littafin bai ƙunshi cikakkun bayanai game da marubucin ba, Marcel Bernanose (1884-1952). Daga cikin bayanan tarihin, mun sami cewa shi ma'aikaci ne, mai ba da shawara kan al'adu ga gwamnoni da yawa na Nam Ky da Gwamnonin Janar na Indochina, kuma ya bar wasu ayyukan bincike kan Indochina.

        Hakanan ya kamata mu ambata Hoto Nadal-Saigon, mafarautan tarihin Indochinese, waɗanda hotunansu suka sanya wannan littafin ya zama tarihi na tarihi na Nam Ky.

        La Cochinchine aka fara buga shi ta Photo Nadal House a 1925 tare da buga-runin 400 lambobi na adadi. An adana kwafin da muke amfani da shi don buga wannan bugun 319 kuma ya hada 436 An zana zane a cikin gidan.

       Duk da tashin hankali a cikin shekaru 100 na ƙarshe, littafin La Cochinchine An kiyaye shi azaman memento a gidan malamin Truong Ngoc Tuong daga Cai Lay, Tien Giang. Yanzu an sake buga shi ta Xua & A'a (Dazu & Yanzu) Magazine da Hong Duc Masu shela a cikin yaren Faransanci da Ingilishi a cikin tsari na ainihi, duk da haka an ƙara su tare da fassarar Vietnamese. Masu karatu za su sami rubutattun bayanan tunawa da farkon 20th karni na mulkin mallaka Nam Ky yankin.

        Abin alfahari ne a gare ni in gabatar da littafin ga masu karatu a lokacin bukata of Xua & A'a Mujallu.

Assoc. Farfesa Nguyen Manh Hung PhD.

Bincika Ƙari:

La COCHINCHINE ko Nam Ky - Vi-VersiGoo
La COCHINCHINE ko Nam Ky - Fr-VersiGoo
La COCHINCHINE ko Nam Ky - Sp-VersiGoo
La COCHINCHINE ko Nam Ky - Ru-VersiGoo
La COCHINCHINE ko Nam Ky - Chs-VersiGoo
La COCHINCHINE ko Nam Ky - Cht-VersiGoo
La COCHINCHINE ko Nam Ky - Ar-VersiGoo
La COCHINCHINE ko Nam Ky - Jp-VersiGoo

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