Takaitaccen Tarihi NA VIETNAMESE Rubuta - Sashe na 2

Hits: 486

Donny Trương1
School of Art a Jami'ar George Mason

… Ci gaba don sashe na 1

KYAUTA

    A official Latin-tushen Harshen Vietnamese ya ƙunshi haruffa ashirin da tara: goma sha bakwai baƙi da kuma wasula goma sha biyu. Banda fjw, Da kuma z, haruffa ashirin da biyu sun fito daga harafin Rome. Haruffan guda bakwai da aka gyara su ne ăâđêôơ, Da kuma ư. Kamar yadda yake a cikin Ingilishi, umarnin yana biyo bayan babban taron haruffa na Roman. Haruffa dauke da alamomin diacritical suna zuwa bayan haruffa ba tare da. Misali, a ya gabata ă da kuma d ya gabata đ. Ana koyar da haruffa masu zuwa a cikin makarantu.

Harshen Rashanci na tushen Vietnamese - Holylandvietnamstudies.com
Harshen Vietnamese na tushen Latin

LITTAFAI DA DIACRITICS

     K'abilan Biyetnam Yana da haruffa masu yawa da alamomin diacritical don yin rarrabewar tonal. Yin oda sautin murya ya bambanta, amma mafi na kowa ne Nguyễn Đình Hòababban taron: sautin rubutu (ngang), m (sc), tsanani (huyền), ƙugiya a sama (h .i), Tilde (ngã), Da kuma ba (ba). Saboda alamun sauti suna taka muhimmiyar rawa wajen rarrabe sautunan, kowane wasali na iya ɗauka bisa ƙarin alamun biyu. Mai zuwa Haruffa 134 (babban andara da casearami) nuna duk yiwuwar rubutun kalmomi a Vietnamese.

Alamar diacritical vietnamese - Holylandvietnamstudies.com
Alamar shuɗin Vietnamese

LITATTAFAI MAKARANTA

    Kamar yadda aka nuna a haruffa, da Tsarin rubutun Vietnamese amfani guda bakwai haruffa. Hudu sun raba alamomin diacritical: ăâê, Da kuma ô. Uku sun haɗa alamomin diacritical: đơ, Da kuma ư. Wannan babi yana ba da cikakkun bayanai game da haruffan da aka gyara.

Alamar masu magana ta Vietnamese - Holylandvietnamstudies.com
Alamar shuɗin Vietnamese

SAURARA Â

    The â yana da keɓaɓɓen kewaye da harafin a. A-cirin na iya ɗauka a kan ƙara abu m ( A ), tsanani ( A ), ƙugiya a sama ( A ), Tilde ( A ), ko ba ( A ). A cikin K'abilan Biyetnam, ana amfani da maɓallin keɓaɓɓiyar da ke da siffar kilvron eê ) da kuma oô ).

SAURARA Đ

    The đ yana da mashaya giciye ta hanyar harafin d. The đ ne kawai farkon-kawai baƙi. Babban kara Đ yana da kwance a kwance a tsakiyar babban harafin harafin D. Loweraramar ƙarami đ yana da mashaya da ke tsakanin mai hawa zuwa sama da x-tsawo na harafin d.

SAURARA Ê

    The ê yana da keɓaɓɓen kewaye da harafin e. The e-cirge na iya ɗaukar wani ƙari na ƙari ( e ), kabari ( e ), saƙa a sama ( e ), harde ( e ), ko cin nasara ( e ). A cikin K'abilan Biyetnam, ana amfani da maɓallin keɓaɓɓiyar da ke da siffar kilvron aâ ) da kuma oô ).

SAURARA Ô

    The ô yana da keɓaɓɓen kewaye da harafin o. O-cirin na iya ɗauka a kan mummunan ƙari ( o ), kabari ( o ), saƙa a sama ( o ), harde ( o ), ko cin nasara ( o ). A cikin K'abilan Biyetnam, ana amfani da maɓallin keɓaɓɓiyar da ke da siffar kilvron aâ ) da kuma eê ).

SAURARA Ơ

    The ơ yana da ƙaho a haɗe kuma ya yi daidai da gefen harafin o. Kakakin o-na iya ɗaukar cutar mara nauyi ( o ), kabari ( o ), saƙa a sama ( o ), harde ( o ), ko cin nasara ( o ). A cikin Vietnamese, ana amfani da ƙaho a kunne uư ).

SAURARA Ư

    The ư yana da ƙaho a haɗe kuma ya yi daidai da gefen harafin u. Kakakin na iya ɗaukar miƙe na ƙari ( u ), kabari ( u ), saƙa a sama ( u ), harde ( u ), ko cin nasara ( u ). A cikin Vietnamese, ana amfani da ƙaho a kunne oơ ).

Alamar masu magana ta Vietnamese - Holylandvietnamstudies.com
Alamar shuɗin Vietnamese

MAGANAR SAUKI

     K'abilan Biyet ne mai harshen yare. Ana amfani da lafazi wajen nuna alamun bambanci shida:matakin"(ngang), "m-fushi"(sắc), "rage girman kabari"(huy.n), "santsi-tashih.i, "Sono"(ngã), da "nauyi-nauyi"(n.ng). A rubuce, sautin guda yana wakilta kamar ba a sa masa alama ba (a), hudun ana nuna su da alamomin tsautsayi waɗanda akan alama a wasali ( áàita, Da kuma ã ), kuma an yiwa alama alama da alamar a ƙarƙashin wasali ( A ). Bari mu rushe wadannan mutanen sautin murya.

CIKIN SAUKI

    Sautin rashin alamar (ngang) ba shi da lafazi. Filin wasansa ya tashi daga tsakiya zuwa tsakiya.

MAGANA

     An m (du sắc) lafazin gaba ne - wanda aka ɗora akan wasula: áéíóú, Da kuma ý. Wani mai muni, wanda zai fara daga kunkuntar ƙasa kuma ya ƙare tare da babban faɗin, yana nuna babban filin tashiwa. Ya kamata ya tashi dan kadan a gefen dama na halayyar tushe ( á ) ba tare da faduwa ba. Idan aka haɗu, dole ne a sanya shi a sarari daga wata alama ( AAeoo, ko u ).

da gaske

  A tsanani (du huyền) magana ta baya-baya ne da aka sanya akan wasula: àèìòù, Da kuma y. Kabari, wanda yake farawa daga babba mai faɗi kuma ya ƙare tare da kunkuntar ƙasa, yana nuna ƙaramin rami. Yakamata ya tashi sama zuwa hagu na halayyar tushe ( à ) ba tare da faduwa ba. Idan aka haɗu, dole ne a sanya shi a sarari daga wata alama ( AAeoo, ko u ).

NUNA CIKIN SA

    Ƙugiya a sama (dỏu hỏi) alama ce ta murya wacce ta yi kama da alamar tambaya mara ƙima da aka sanya akan wasula: itaenaou, Da kuma y. Yana nuna filin saukar da sauka low-low. Idan aka haɗu, dole ne a sanya shi a sarari daga wata alama ( AAeoo, ko u ).

TARA

    A Tilde (du ngã) lafazin da aka sanya akan wasula: ãeĩõũ, ko y. Yana nuna babban filin tashiwa. Idan aka haɗu, dole ne a sanya shi a sarari daga wata alama ( AAeoo, ko u ).

KARANTA

     An ba (dặu nặng) yanki ne wanda aka sanya shi a wasulan: Aekuko, Da kuma y. Yana nuna raunin fadada ƙasa kuma dole ne a sanya shi a sarari ƙarƙashin ginin.

Continued ci gaba a cikin sashe na 3…

BAN TU THU
01 / 2020

NOTE:
1: Game da marubucin: Donny Trương ƙwararren mai zanen ne da sha'awar buga rubutu da yanar gizo. Ya sami ubangidansa na zane-zane a zanen zane daga makarantar zane-zane a jami'ar George Mason. Shine kuma marubucin Tywararren Hotunan Yanar Gizo Professionalwararru.
Ban Ban Tu Thu ya saita kalmomin da za su iya ƙarfafawa da hotunan sepia - samawariya.et

Bincika Ƙari:
Takaitaccen Tarihi NA VIETNAMESE Rubuta - Sashe na 1
Takaitaccen Tarihi NA VIETNAMESE Rubuta - Sashe na 3
◊ da dai sauransu

(Ziyarci 485 sau, 3 ziyara a yau)
en English
X