Ta yaya aka tsara wannan WATAN kayan '' fasaha na mutanen Annamese '' DA KYAUTA?

Hits: 364

Asso. Farfesa HUNG, NGUYEN MANH, PhD.

   1. A cikin babban birnin kasar Hanoi, tun shekarun 50 da 60, ƙwararrun masu zane-zanen fata kamar su Nguyen Do Cung, Tran Van Can, da dai sauransu kuma wasu matasa masu bincike sun fara kulawa da adadi mai yawa na
katako, wanda aka cimma a farkon karni na XNUMX, wanda ya kasance a cikin jerin takaddun bayanan da mutanen ciki suka fara gudanar da bincike na gaskiya da kuma nazari. Daga baya, bincike daban-daban
Cibiyoyi kamar su: the Cibiyar Tarihi, da Cibiyar Fasaha, da Cibiyar Kwayar Kwayar Kwayar cuta, da Cibiyar Kudu maso Gabas-Asiya, da Sinawa da Sinanci sun fassara Cibiyar Vietnam ta Vietnam, da Cibiyar Harshe, da dai sauransu sun haɗu da tsarin abubuwan da muka ambata a sama.
     A tsohon garin Saigon, wataƙila zuwa shekarun 60, da Cibiyar Archaeological kuma masu bincike da yawa sun san kuma sun yi ƙoƙarin koya game da wannan asali na littattafan, musamman a shekarun 70, lokacin da mutane suka ga bayyanar daɓar katsewar ɓoyayyiyar ƙasa a ƙarƙashin taken “Itace K'abilan Biyetinawa, a Farkon ƙarni na ashirin. ”(1)

2. A cikin Paris, a watan Afrilu 1978, da Review na Kimiyyar Zamani (Paris) sun wallafa wata kasida mai taken “Jama'a Art ta hanyar 650 Sabunta Woodcuts"(2). 

   Bayan wata biyu, an shirya Bayyanar a Gidan Al'adu na garin Bourges (Faransa) dauke da manyan haruffa babban birnin taken: “Masu fasahar zane-zane na Vietnam"(3).

3. Biyo wannan labarin da kuma wannan Nunin da yawa Mujallu na Vietnamese abroadasashen waje sun ci gaba da gabatar da waɗancan sandunan katako, da Mujallar Nazarin Nishadi in Hanoi shi ma ya sake buga labarin rashin sa'a (magana A'a. 4/78).
  A 1985, da Kwamitin Kwamitin Kimiyya na Vietnamese "Ilimin Encyclopaedic"Ya gabatar da zane-zane guda 351 tare da babban taken:Encyclopedia cikin hotuna”- wanda aka samo daga“Bayanin ulturalabilar Vietnamese da Kayan aiki”- Woodcuts wanda byan wasa mara sa suna suka fahimta a farkon ƙarni na 20. (4)

   Kwanan nan, a kan Bayanai na lokacin bazara a shekara “Mauyin Thin"(Shekara na Dragon), da “Dat Vietnam"(Mujallar Landasar Vietnam ta ofungiyar Vietnamese) zama a ciki Canada ya yi amfani da 8 daga cikin sandunan don bayyana labaransa Saiti tare da annotation: “Sabbin sandunan katako da aka tattara karni na 20", Kuma a yanzu, wani adadin mujallu ma suna kula da katunan katako da ƙoƙarin amfani da su.
    Bayan haka, mun ga katako biyu da ke nuna buffalo a kowane ɗayansu, waɗanda aka zaɓa daga wannan takaddun kuma aka buga su a cikin mujallar don yin misalai don labarin da aka jera: “Kyawawan marasa dabara a zane-zane da zane-zane”(5).
    Mafi cancantar kulawa wani yanki ne na gabatar da al'adunmu na kasa (6) wanda a ciki aka zana 26 daga cikin 30 na zane bayan waɗancan takardu.

4. Na farko, mun lura cewa, kodayake an gabatar da wannan saitin takardu a lokuta da dama kuma karkashin tsari daban-daban, amma ba a taba gabatar da shi gaba daya da daidaituwa ba. Saboda haka, wannan gaskiyar yanzu tana haifar da tambayoyi da yawa waɗanda ke buƙatar wasu amsoshi:

a. Shin gaskiya ne cewa bayan faɗuwa ga ɓataccen lokaci na fiye da rabin karni, makomar babbar taskar al'adun ƙasa na Mutanen Vietnamese "ya fara gantali- a madadin bacewa da sake bayyana - tare da kwararar al'amuran"Daga Hanoi (a cikin shekaru 50) zuwa Saigon (bayan 1954) sai me "ya sake ɓacewa cikin sararin samaniya wanda ba a san shi ba"(Paris-bayan 1975)?

b. Shin daidai ne cewa katako a cikin wannan saitin takaddun mallakar sabon layi ne na zane-zanen mutane - ya bambanta da waɗanda aka saba da su Kauyen Dong Ho or Rataya kuskure titi - ko kuma waɗannan katako ne na katako. "wani nau'in fasaha"Ko"wani nau'in bincike na kimiyya”Har yanzu ba a sani ba? Wataƙila, a cikin ƙarshen wannan ƙaramin littafin gabatarwa, bai kamata mu shiga cikin dukkan bangarorin waɗannan katakan nan ba kuma ya kamata kawai "bayyana su daidai yadda suke", Don guje wa ba da kyauta"m dabi'u”Kuma ba da gangan ba“cutar da kimiyarsu ta kimiya".

NOTES:
(1) NGUYEN KHAC NGO - "Itace K'abilan Biyetnam na farkon farkon karni na 20”- Expounder Magazine - daga fitowar No.1 zuwa 10 a shekarar 1970.
(2) PHAM NGOC TUAN - Art Art ta hanyar 650 Woodcuts sabon dawo dasu - Review na Kimiyyar Zamani, Paris, fitowar No. 4/78.
(3) PHAM NGOC TUAN - The Masu Zane-zanen Peyan Pero na Vietnam - Bayani a Gidan Al'adu na garin Bourges (Faransa) daga 10 ga Yuni, 1978 zuwa Yuli 30, 1978, wanda Ofungiyar Vietnamese suna zaune a Faransa, suna aiki tare da daidaitawa Gidan kayan tarihin.
(4) A fitowar Nos. 3, 4, da 5, 1985 da fitowa ta 1, Oktoba 1985 (raba bugawa). (5) NGUYEÃN QUAÂN - Baƙin mara fasaha a cikin zane-zane da sassaka - Mujallar Littattafai ta Vietnamese - fitowar ta Tet At Suu (Shekarar Buffalo) (1985), shafi na 12.
(6) NGUYEN THU - Hotuna don saitin littattafai akan Al'adun gargajiya da waqoqi na Mutanen Vietnam - A Fadar Al'adun Kasa (jirgin. 4) nakalto ta NGUYEN TAN YANZU da kuma PHAN CANH, An buga Wakar Moi gidan wallafawa a cikin 1971 a Saigon.

NOTE:
Source: Dabarar mutanen Annamese ta Henri Oger, 1908-1909. Dr. Nguyen Manh Hung, Mai Binciken & Mai tarawa.
Ban Ban Tu Thu ya keɓance da hoton da aka fitar - samawariya.et

(Ziyarci 74 sau, 1 ziyara a yau)
en English
X