LATSA VIETNAMESE na Vietnamese da Baƙi - Sashe na 2

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Harshen Vietnamese Harafi

Tsarin haruffan Vietnam

     akwai Haruffa 29 a cikin Tsarin haruffan Vietnam wanda ya kunshi Wasalai 12 da kuma 17 baƙaƙe. Duba jerin abubuwan da ke ƙasa:

Harshen Vietnamese - Holylandvietnamstudies.com
Harafin Vietnamese (Asali: Comungiyar Ma'aikata ta Lac Vietnam)

Vowels na Vietnamese

Wasulan Vietnamese - Holylandvietnamstudies.com
Wasula na Vietnamese (Source: IRD New Tech)

    Kamar yadda aka ambata a sama, akwai Wasalai 12 a cikin tsarin haruffa na Vietnamese. Sun hada da:

    Yadda ake furta waɗannan wasalai shine a bi ƙasa:

Harshen wasali na Vietnamese - Holylandvietnamstudies.com
Yankuna na K'abilanci na K'asar Vietnamese (Source: Lac Vietnam Computing Corporation)

    Gaba, tsakiya, da ƙananan wasalai (iêeưâơăa) ba a kewaye, alhali kuwa wasalai na baya (uôo) suna zagaye. The wasulan  â [ə] da  ă [a] ana kiranta gajeru, sun yi gajarta da wasula. Saboda haka, ơ  da kuma â ana ambaton su iri ɗaya banda waccan ơ [əː] ya dade â [ə] ya gajarta - iri daya yana aiki da ƙananan wasali mai tsawo a [aː] da gajere ă  [a].

Diphthongs da Tripthongs

   Ban da wasula guda (ko monophthongs), Vietnamese yana da dimbin yawa da kuma cin nasara. The dimbin yawa kunshi babban wasali mai biye tare da gajeriyar gaɓar semivowel zuwa ko dai babban gaban gaba [ɪ], matsayi na baya [ʊ], ko tsakiyar matsayi [ə]. Duba teburin da ke ƙasa:

Diphthong na Vietnamese, triphthongs - Holylandvietnamstudies.com
Diphthongs na Vietnamese, triphthongs (Asali: Vietungiyar Ma'aikata ta Lac Vietnam)

    Batun dimbin yawa an kafa su da guda uku kawai wasula (iưu) a matsayin babban wasali. Ana fassara su kamar yadda  ia.aua  idan sun ƙare wata kalma kuma aka rubuta su  iươ, bi da bi, idan mai bi da bi ya biyo shi. Hakanan akwai hane-hane akan manyan laifuffuka: babban gaban laifi baya iya faruwa bayan wasali na gaban (iêe) nucleus da babban kashewa ba za su iya faruwa ba bayan wasali na baya (uôo) tsakiya.

   The rikodin tsakanin orthography da pronunciation ne mai rikitarwa. Misali, kashe-kashe [ɪ] mafi yawa ana rubuta shi kamar yadda i duk da haka, ana iya wakilta tare da y. Bugu da kari, a cikin dimbin yawa [] Da [aːɪ] haruffa  y da kuma  i Har ila yau, nuna karin lafazin jigon wasali:  ay = ă +ɪ], ai a +ɪ]. Saboda haka,  tay / “Hannu” ne [taɪ] yayin tai / “Kunne” ne [taːɪ]. Hakazalika, u da kuma o nuna wasali daban-daban na babban wasali:  au = ă +ʊ], ao = a +ʊ].

    The hudu triphthongs Ana kafa su ta hanyar ƙara gaba da baya daga manyan laifuka zuwa ga samartaka dub. Hakazalika ga ƙuntatawa wanda ya shafi dimbin yawa, a wajan tare da gaban nucleus na gaba ba zai iya samun haddin gaba ba (bayan kwantar da kwarkwata) da a wajan tare da nucleus na baya baya iya samun kashin baya.

   Tare da gaisuwa kan gaba da baya kashewa [ɪ, ʊ], kwatancin muryoyin muryoyi da yawa suna tantance waɗannan a matsayin bahaushe glides /j, w/. Don haka, kalma kamar  âu “Ina” [ɗəʊ] zai zama /ɗəw/.

      Yana da wuya a faɗi waɗannan sauti:

Vowwararru masu sauti na Vietnamese - glandideland -
Wasali na Vietnamese suna tashi (Source: IRD New Tech)

… Ci gaba a cikin sashe na 3…

Bincika Ƙari:
LATSA VIETNAMESE na Vietnamese da Baƙi - Gabatarwa - Sashe na 1
HARSHEN VIETNAMESE don Vietnam da Baƙi - Baƙin Vietnamese - Sashe na 3
VIETNAMESE LANGUAGE na Vietnamese da Baƙi - Itakun Vietnamese - Sashe na 4
Harshen VIETNAMESE don Vietnam da Baƙi - Tattaunawa ta Vietnamese: Gaisuwa - Sashe na 5

BAN TU THU
02 / 2020

NOTE:
Image Hoto na kai - Source: Dalibin musayar Vietnam.
Tu Bayani, m rubutu, rubutun haruffa a cikin sashi da hoton sepia an saita ta Ban Tu Thu - samawariya.et

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